Titanium Carbide - Versatile and Abrasion-Resistant

Titanium Carbide - Versatile and Abrasion-Resistant

2022-12-05 16:29:41  Knowledge

Whether you're in the market for a new piece of equipment, or simply looking for a replacement, titanium carbide has the versatility and performance you're looking for. It's a hard, refractory material that's also abrasion-resistant, and offers a wide range of applications.


During the past decades, titanium carbide has become a major research interest for many researchers. It has a cubic crystal structure, a high melting point of 184 KJ/mol, a high electrical conductivity, and good wear resistance. These properties make titanium carbide ideal for creating hard alloys. In addition, it can be used to refine alloys. The carbide also has a low coefficient of thermal expansion. Therefore, it has high thermal conductivity and can be used as a thermal-conductive material. It can be used in various applications such as in crucibles, crucibles, chemical catalysis, heat management, and microwave absorption.

The two-dimensional layered titanium carbide is a relatively new type of titanium carbide material, which exhibits special crystal structures. These structures can be used for chemical catalysis and microwave absorption. However, the morphologies of the 2D layered titanium carbide vary, depending on the synthesis routes and the external growth conditions. Therefore, controlling the morphology of the titanium carbide is a potential research direction.

Two-dimensional titanium carbides are closely related to three-dimensional titanium carbides. The main growth mechanism of the two-dimensional layered titanium carbide is nucleation growth. This growth mechanism is a self-propagating process. This growth mechanism has been reported for various atomic layers. Several atomic layers have been reported to have high aspect ratios.

A stoichiometric ratio of TiC is important in controlling the final morphology. If the ratio is too large, then the growth morphology will be unstable. The formation of the Me-Ti-C ternary phase will reduce the temperature at which the titanium carbide is formed. Therefore, controlling the reaction will also control the morphology of the titanium carbide.

TiC is produced by selective extraction of specific atoms from the MAX phase. TiAlx compounds form a thin layer on the surface of the Al melt. As the temperature increases, the TiAlx layers decompose and the Ti particles displace the Al melt.


Various applications of refractory titanium carbide have been demonstrated. They include wear-resistant carbide-steel composite material, high-temperature resistance body, and electromechanical switches. However, the properties of these materials are still not well understood. Thus, the present invention is aimed at resolving this problem.

The refractory titanium carbide material has high hardness of 9-9.5 Mohs, which is comparable with that of tungsten carbide. Its crystal structure is similar to ZrN and sodium chloride. In addition, it has a face-centered cubic structure. This property has made it suitable for use as an additive for semiconductor wear-resistant film.

The material is characterized by high purity and large specific surface area. This property has made it possible to obtain a refractory coating with adherent layers of metal carbides. This coating provides excellent chemical stability, wear resistance, and high hardness at high temperatures.

The composite material consists of solid particles of refractory titanium carbide and a steel binder. The binder maintains the shape of the skeleton body and uniformly distributes the titanium carbide particles. This allows the material to resist high-temperature chemical stress, combustion, and fuel contaminated gases. The material is also used as an additive for cutting tool materials.

The solid solution phase during sintering may contain a mixture of titanium and nickel or cobalt with carbon. This alloy has a low wetting angle with the melt. The alloy contains a relatively high proportion of free metallic chromium. However, the presence of chromium in the solid solution phase reduces the heat resistance of the end product when exposed to an oxidizing atmosphere. Thus, a predetermined heating cycle is applied to ensure the formation of a solid solution carbide phase with up to 0.3% free carbon.

Resistant to wear, corrosion and heat

Compared to other refractory materials, titanium carbide is very resistant to wear, corrosion and heat. These properties make titanium carbide a good candidate for a coating. These coatings can be used for engineering components that are exposed to tribo-corrosive environments. It can also be used as an additive for a semiconductor wear resistant film.

In addition to providing corrosion resistance, titanium carbide coatings are also very durable and have been shown to increase wear resistance by up to a factor of 2000. These coatings are ideally applied to high density graphite. The titanium carbide micrograins are rounded and smooth, minimizing metal-to-metal contact. The titanium carbide grains are then held in place by steel matrix binders. These alloys are typically processed with a conventional heat treatment.

These wear resistant alloys comprise at least ten percent of titanium carbide and are uniformly distributed in a hardenable steel alloy matrix. The alloy is further comprised of solid solution carbide and a nickel binder. The alloy is characterized by a thermal conductivity of less than 20 Watt/mdeg K.

In addition to wear resistance, titanium carbide coatings can provide excellent lubricity. This can be achieved by applying the coating to premium high density graphites. The rounded grains impart outstanding lubricity. This alloy is especially suitable for use in high-performance ceramic materials.

The US Navy has been investigating materials with high corrosion resistance. These materials include titanium carbide, nickel and tungsten carbide. Some of the materials have been used in the aerospace industry. The materials are improved by 70 percent aluminum and silicon.

In addition to these materials, titanium carbide is also used in the production of high-capacity memory devices. The alloy is used in the production of HDD large-capacity memory devices.

Abrasion-resistant surface coating

Several studies have been carried out on titanium carbide abrasion-resistant surface coatings on AISI 304 stainless steel substrates. Scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction are used to characterize the coating. The microstructure of the interface depends on the chemical nature of the substrate.

The abrasion-resistant coating is characterised by an extremely hard, dense and electrically conductive surface layer. This coating has very low vapour pressure and low tendency to seize. It is also resistant to corrosion. The deposited layer has high relative abrasion resistance, especially compared to steel.

The surface layer can be deposited on stainless steel, titanium, and other alloys. Titanium carbide coatings are used for forming tools, non-wovens, molds, and cleaning parts. These coatings are NSF-compliant. They are also used in the automotive industry.

Abrasive wear is the main cause of surface layer damage. Titanium carbide coatings have good adhesion to the substrate. High adhesion assures enhanced exploitative life of coated tools. The thickness of the coating also influences its oxidation resistance.

A 500-nm nanostructured layer was deposited on titanium implants using Ion Plating Plasma Assisted (IPPA) technology. The agglomerate of ceramic particles contains sharp-edged titanium carbide (TiC), spherical particles of synthetic metal-diamond composite (PD-W), and tungsten. The particles are uniformly distributed in a cobalt matrix. They constitute 20 wt% of the matrix reinforcement.

The hard phase of titanium carbide provides a natural barrier to abrasive. The coating's abrasion resistance increases with the increase in volume fraction of the hard phase. The coating's oxidation resistance improves with the control of the coating thickness.

In addition, titanium carbide has been investigated for its SERS (Selective Electrochemical Reaction Selective) effect in aqueous colloidal solutions. It selectively enhances positively charged molecules. This property suggests potential biomedical applications and environmental applications.


Among the various types of carbides, titanium carbide nanoparticles are considered as the hardest. The main characteristics of titanium carbide include high hardness, ductility, good thermal conductivity, fire resistance and low friction factor. These properties have been used in the production of various composite materials. In addition, titanium carbide nanoparticles can be combined with other metals, such as nickel and molybdenum, to enhance their properties.

Nano titanium carbide particles are manufactured using a number of methods. The most common method is thermal plasma synthesis. The plasma is created by arc discharge between two titanium electrodes. The plasma expands to interact with the ambient gas and then flows through the plasma to form nanoparticles.

Another method of preparing titanium carbide nanoparticles is by wire explosion process. This method is also known as pulsed wire discharge. The method involves a high voltage pulse to generate a plasma and then the thin metal wire is ionized by the high voltage. The metal wire is then melted and vaporized. The plasma in the wire is then transferred to the ambient gas.

To produce nano titanium carbide, the method must be effective, efficient and have a narrow particle size distribution. The particle size distribution of the final product depends on the C/H, C/O and other chemical composition of the precursor. The specific temperature of the synthesis process is also important.

Nanoscale titanium carbide particles are typically 10 - 100 nanometers in size. These particles have a specific surface area in the range of 100 - 130 m2/g. They are available in passivated form. They are also available in ultra high purity form. They can be used as coating material and as alloy additives.


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