The Application of Tungsten Disulfide in the Field of Lubrication

The Application of Tungsten Disulfide in the Field of Lubrication

2023-12-20 13:49:24  Blog

Tungsten disulfide is a chemical substance with significant application value.

1. Properties of tungsten disulfide

Tungsten disulfide is a black-gray solid with the molecular formula WS2. It has metallic luster, semiconductor properties, and high chemical and thermal stability. The molecular structure of tungsten disulfide consists of two sulfur atoms and a large radius tungsten atom, where a six-membered ring is formed between the sulfur atoms, and the tungsten atom is located at the center of the ring. This unique structure gives tungsten disulfide high electron mobility and conductivity.

2. Preparation of tungsten disulfide

The preparation methods of tungsten disulfide mainly include chemical vapor deposition (CVD) and high-temperature synthesis. CVD is the most commonly used preparation method, which generates tungsten disulfide thin films by reacting gases containing tungsten and sulfur at high temperatures. The high-temperature synthesis rule is to heat a mixture of tungsten and sulfur powder under high temperature and pressure conditions to generate tungsten disulfide crystals.


3. Application of tungsten disulfide

In the field of electronic devices

Tungsten disulfide is widely used in electronic devices due to its semiconductor properties and high electron mobility. It can be used as an electrode material for electronic components, such as the gate material for field-effect transistors (FETs) and the electrode material for solar cells. In addition, tungsten disulfide can also be used as a storage medium for electronic memory materials, such as phase change memory (PCRAM).

Lubrication field

Tungsten disulfide has excellent lubricating properties and can be used as an additive in lubricants and greases. Under high temperature and high load conditions, tungsten disulfide can form a dense protective film, reduce friction and wear, and improve equipment's operational efficiency and lifespan.

Catalyst field

Tungsten disulfide can be used as a catalyst and catalyst carrier and is widely used in petrochemicals and environmental protection fields. In petrochemicals, tungsten disulfide can serve as a catalyst to improve the efficiency and yield of petroleum cracking. Tungsten disulfide can be a catalyst for treating waste gas and wastewater in environmental protection.

Material coating field

Tungsten disulfide is widely used in material coatings due to its good hardness, wear resistance, and excellent corrosion resistance. It can be used as a coating material for metal surface protection, wear resistance, and reduction. For example, mechanical equipment used in marine environments can be protected with tungsten disulfide coatings.

Tungsten disulfide has a wide range of applications, including lubrication, catalysts, and material coatings mentioned above, as well as the following:

Catalyst carrier: Tungsten disulfide has high hardness, wear resistance, and excellent corrosion resistance and can be used as a catalyst carrier in fields such as petrochemicals and environmental protection.

Electronic materials: Tungsten disulfide has excellent electronic conductivity and stability and can be used to prepare electrode materials, electronic devices, and semiconductor materials.


Aerosol: Tungsten disulfide is often used as an ultrafine scale crystal for aerosols, which has the advantages of simple preparation process equipment, no environmental pollution, and safe and reliable operation.

Lubrication of mechanical components: Tungsten disulfide can be used as a forging and stamping lubricant in combination with other materials, which can extend the service life of molds and improve product smoothness.

Self-lubricating components: Tungsten disulfide can be used as a filling material in combination with polytetrafluoroethylene and nylon to make self-lubricating components.


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